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HE-7: Fruit and Vegetable Rainbow

HE-7: Fruit and Vegetable Rainbow

TIME: 30 minutes
SUMMARY: An art project where children will learn the five fruit and vegetable color groups.


Less than half of American children eat the minimum 5 fruits and vegetables a day they need for good health. It’s important to eat a variety of colors of fruits and vegetables to get all the nutrients children need to grow up strong and stay healthy.


  • Colored construction paper (red, orange, yellow, blue, black, purple, white, and green)
  • Pencils/crayons
  • Pictures of food
  • Scissors


  1. Split class into 5 groups (red, orange/yellow, blue/black, white, and green).
  2. Give each group a stack of construction paper in their group’s color. (For younger groups, you may want to hand out grocery flyers and ask each group to cut out pictures of fruits and vegetables that are in their assigned color group and glue them to a piece of paper.)
  3. Ask each group to name fruits and vegetables that are the same color as their group.
    Note: bananas are in the white group because you don’t eat the yellow skin. Apples, peppers, and grapes of different colors belong to the group of that color. For example: green grapes and red grapes are in different color groups.
  4. Give the groups time to make fruits and vegetables in their color group.
  5. Have each group stand and show the class what kinds of fruits and vegetables they made.
    • After each presentation mention one of the many benefits of each group (see Key Talking Points below).
      • Red = healthy heart
      • Orange/yellow = healthy skin
      • Blue/purple/black = memory
      • White = prevent colds (immune system)
      • Green = good vision


  1. It’s essential to get at least five servings of fruits and vegetables in your diet every day! Why? Because fruits and vegetables provide the wide range of vitamins, minerals, and fiber your body uses to stay healthy and fit.
  2. Many of the vitamins and minerals that make fruits and vegetables good for us also give them their color. So, eating a variety of colors is the best way to ensure that you get all the nutrients you need to stay healthy and help maintain:
    • Strong bones, hair, and teeth
    • Good memory
    • Healthy vision
    • A great source of energy to keep you going


  1. Name the five color groups and the fruits and vegetables that belong in them.
  2. Recognize the different benefits from the different color groups.


  1. Use fruit and vegetable pictures for Capture the Bag game, which is activity HE-8 (the next activity).
  2. Download the coloring book There’s a Rainbow on my Plate from http://www.pbhfoundation.org/educators/teachers/rainbow/activities.php.
  3. Send home Family Outreach Tip Sheet: TS-3 Eat Your Colors. This tip sheet is about the importance of consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables of various colors, and gives a list of color groups and hints on how to get children to eat their colors.
  4. Put together Bulletin Board 3: Good Health Is Always In Season. Promotes discussion about growing fruits and vegetables, what it means for them to be in season, and seasonal holidays.
  5. Put together Bulletin Board 4: Color Me Healthy. Children use pictures of fruits and vegetables from the different color groups to construct a colorful peacock picture.

SOURCE: Boston Medical Center, Nutrition and Fitness for Life Program, 2010.